What is cat scratch disease?
Cat scratch sickness is bacterial contamination spread by bug tainted felines when a tainted feline licks, nibbles, or scratches an open injury on somebody adequately hard to tear the surface of the skin. 3 to 14 days after the skin ruptures, a minor infection occurs at the site of the scratch or bite.
The affected area may appear swollen and red, with circular and bulging wounds, and possibly the presence of pus. The site of infection can feel warm and sore, and a person with cat scratch disease may develop a fever, headache, poor appetite, and fatigue. Then, the lymph nodes closest to the site of the injury can become swollen and tender with or without pressure.
Wash the nibble or scratch altogether with a cleanser and running water. Do not allow cats to lick your wounds. Call your doctor if you develop any symptoms of cat scratch disease or infection. This scratch is caused by a bacterium called Bartonella henselae. 40% of cats carry Bartonella bacteria in their lives, although most infected cats show no sign of disease. Young kittens less than a year old are more likely to be infected with the bacteria and pass it on to humans. Also, kittens are more likely to bite and scratch others when they are playing and learning to hunt.
How do cats and humans get infected?
Cats become infected with Bartonella henselae bacteria when exposed to flea bites and dirt, and it enters their wounds. When a cat scratches and bites fleas, they pick up dirt under their claws and between their fangs. A cat can also become infected when it fights with other infected cats.
Germs are transmitted to humans when a cat scratches or bites someone hard enough to rip the skin. Germs can also spread when an infected cat licks wounds.
Serious but rare complications
Although complications from cat scratch disease are rare, they are serious. Cat scratch disease can infect the brain, eyes, heart, and other internal organs. These are uncommon side effects, which may require serious treatment, and are bound to show up in kids under 5 years old and patients with traded-off safe frameworks.
Most cats that carry Bartonella henselae bacteria show no signs of disease, but it is rare for the disease to cause inflammation in the heart, making cats very sick with trouble breathing. Bartonella henselae bacteria may appear in the mouth, urinary tract, or eyes. Your vet may find that some of your cat’s internal organs have become infected.
Prevention of cat scratch disease
What do you need to do?
- Wash your cat’s bites and scratches immediately with soap and running water.
- Wash your hands with soap and running water after playing with cats, especially if you live with young children or have compromised immune systems.
- Because kittens less than a year old are more susceptible to cat-scratch disease and transmitting it to humans
What not to do?
- Play violently with pets because they may scratch and bite.
- Allow cats to lick your open wounds.
- Petting or touching stray or wild cats.
- Keep your cat’s nails trimmed.
- Use a vet-approved flea control (surface or oral medication) once a month. Be aware that over-the-counter (OTC) flea products may not be safe for cats.
- Check with your vet before using any product to make sure it’s safe for your cat and family.
- Check for fleas on your cat with a flea comb by sifting through the flea droppings.
- Fight fleas in your home with:
- Communicate with pest control agencies in case it is necessary to maintain the health of your cat to avoid cat scratch disease.
- keep visiting the veterinary clinic periodically for examinations.
- Keep cats indoors because:
– to reduce contact with fleas.
– Prevent her from the stray cat fight.
Tests and treatments available
Talk to your doctor about tests and treatments for cat scratch disease. Patients are only examined if the disease is severe and the doctor suspects it is because of the patient’s symptoms. In contrast, the cat-scratch disease is not usually treated in otherwise healthy people.
Talk to your vet about your cat’s examination and treatment. The vet will tell you if your cat needs examination or treatment.